Our Tech Expert has written an essay about artificial intelligence. It can increase your knowledge regarding this perspective. From ancient times the desires of making machines have fascinated mankind and taken mankind further into the core of new technologies and strategies to compensate them.
Providing a machine that is a computer a capability to make it perform such tasks that are better adaptive to complex environments. In other words, the capability of a computer to function in contrast with human intelligence is called artificial intelligence.
Artificial Intelligence is sometimes also labeled as machine intelligence, robotics, intelligent retrieval or expert system. This ability of the computers makes the machines function efficiently to save time and eliminate any sort of errors that a human being would make by doing it manually, for instance, automatic cars, automatic watching machines, mobile phones, airplanes, etc.
All of these machines comprise of artificial intelligence. Many believe that the current artificial intelligence has reached the human mind even though machines deprive the functions of emotions or consciousness.
However, most of the experts are yet to believe this thought and assume that artificial intelligence is centuries behind human intelligence. The potential of computers to be applicable to accomplish the tasks that the computer has only been equipped to perform rests upon algorithms and mathematics.
TYPES OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
Weak Artificial Intelligence: It is basically the type where machines are not excessively intelligent to do their own work can be built in such a way that they seem wise. An example would be a chess game where a machine plays against human and wins – here and the strategies and moves are nurtured to the machine. To avoid any future dilemma, the machine is fed all the necessary information beforehand.
Strong Artificial Intelligence: These comprise of machines that can perform tasks all by their own – just like human beings. The strong artificial intelligence gives functions such as translation of languages, visual perception, speech recognition, decision making, etc. These are used by industries and other advanced appliances.
Reactive machines: They are the fundamental types of machines that are purely reactive. They have no abilities to use data from past experiences for use in the existing state or to make memories in the current situations.
These machines cannot survive in the future modern world of artificial intelligence that we imagine of, this is due to the fact that these machines would always respond in the same manner each time they confront the same situation. This quality can be of use if we want to build a machine that can be loyal to the responses it encounters in time but on the other hand, the machines fail to endure in the modern world in the years to come.
Limited memory: These are the machines that are capable to gaze through memories of the past. The limited memory machines have the powers of reactive machines and in addition to this, they are also equipped to learn from historical data and gain data from static objects.
The best examples can be self-operating robots and automatic cars. In the case of cars, data is taken from static objects such as traffic signals, curved roads, other cars, etc. These functions of a car prevent one from accidents and worse case scenarios. Self-working robots function in the same manner as well.
Theory of mind: As the name indicates, theory of mind artificial intelligence is a highly competitive form of all the other types of artificial intelligence. These machines have the ability to respond in a way that the human mind would do.
The Theory of mind refers to the understanding of a machine of the human mind and behaving or functioning as a human mind. Thus here we shall draw a line between the present machines we have and the machines that we would build in the future. These machines ought to understand the abilities of the human mind and act likewise.
It is believed that future machines would be capable of understanding the emotional behaviors of human beings and know-how to communicate to or respond to different situations. Theory of mind would require machines to thoroughly concede immediate transitions in the behavioral as well as emotional patterns in humans.
Self-awareness artificial intelligence: The last but not the least type of artificial intelligence comprises machines that have some sort of a conscious mind just like that of a human being. Here we shall draw a line between the present machines and the machines that we ought to build in the future years.
Consciousness is practically the quality of awareness that the mind has responsive to its environment. According to a hypothesis of the neuro-science, the consciousness of the mind is generated by the parts of brain namely neural correlates of consciousness.
Exponents of self-awareness artificial intelligence believe that it is possible for them to design such a system that would imitate the neural correlates of consciousness. However, the technological systems are yet far behind in designing such machines.
Applications of AI
There are various examples that reflect the use of artificial intelligence such as Professional systems that are widely used for the oversight of room service orders in luxury hotel rooms. It is artificial intelligence that allows hotel staff to know when they should begin cooking and when the food is to be delivered.
Hotels that use artificial intelligence systems are effortlessly punctual in providing their guests with food at the right time while other hotels have to provide an inaccurate time of delivery. Therefore, the advantages If hotels with artificial intelligence rule over others.
Similarly, air force pilots have the ability to land planes respective planes on airplane carriers because of artificial intelligence. It is quite surprising that the costs of artificial intelligence systems are been constantly going down even when the costs of energy are rising day by day. Going down the road, there are a few applications of artificial intelligence are listed:
Gaming: Artificial Intelligence provides gaming applications a sense to compete with a human being. From tic tac toe to other zombie apocalypse games, each of them uses artificial intelligence to function. It is due to artificial intelligence that gaming exists today in enormous forms.
Vision Systems: These are the type of machines that are capable of grasping visual inputs on computers. The best example is that of a drone that takes pictures to utilize the data for the guidance of different zones to the computer.
Intelligent Robots: Being the best creation of mankind, robots are able to perform various tasks during surprisingly short intervals of time. This is due to the fact that the construction of these robots consists of sensors that are built to scrutinize data such as movement, light, pressure, heat, etc. and have huge memories – like that of human beings.
However, they do not come in contrast with human beings no matter how efficient they are during performing various functions. Robots have always made the living of a human being easy by doing their tasks and adapting to the environment they are put into.
Speech Recognition: Due to artificial intelligence, it is not surprising for us to know that appliances like mobile phones and other computers have the ability to understand languages that human beings know and respond back to these languages. Voice detectors can even figure out the slang and accent used by human beings.
Handwriting Recognition: Due to this outstanding feature the machines and computers can find out whether a text is written by a pen on paper or digitally on the screen. This kind of software is able is to convert shaped of the letters into other forms as well.
Innate Language Processing: Artificial Intelligence has given computers the ability to understand and reply to the innate language used by human beings. An example can be the mobile phones we use on a daily basis.
Advantages of AI in machines
There are many advantages of artificial intelligence machines as they show extensively. Some of them are listed below:
- For artificial intelligence masters, emotions are regarded as rational thinking and there exist no distractions. Unlike human beings, who may commit errors by thinking emotionally, robots and machines are programmed to rather take decisions logically. These machines provide digital employment to human beings through artificial intelligence – without the hazards of negative effects attributed to emotions of mankind.
- It is a conventional fact that due to artificial intelligence, machines work more effectively and hastily than a human being and this feature makes them capable to be employed to humans to operate risky tasks. Machines are adjustable according to the environment and their speed can also be modified to gain excellence in the tasks they perform.
- Apart from all the other benefits, artificial intelligence provides us with, a very significant role of artificial intelligence is in the field of medicine. The risky tasks of operating the patients are done by these machines. These machines prevent patients from the side effects of medicines. Machines related to medicine that has Artificial Intelligence help the doctors in monitoring the mental health of patients to overcome their depression states. The best example is of radiosurgery – operation tumors without the damage of the tissues.
- Artificial intelligence enables mankind to reduce errors and reach the mark of precision. For instance, the robotics that is sent to space for exploration purpose is strongly artificially intelligent and have the ability to adapt the hostile atmosphere of space – because of their metallic bodies they have high resistivity they cannot be broken down in the harsh environment of space.
Disadvantages of AI
There are some dominant weapons which are artificial intelligence systems virtually programmed to kill. If these weapons reach the hands of an immoral person, they would cause massive fatalities. Further to this, a race of theory of mind pursuing artificial intelligence could lead to an artificial intelligence war causing deaths of human beings.
Economically, the overall enactment of artificial intelligence machines can be enormously costly. Hence, it is unlikely for an ordinary man to purchase such machines.
The reliance of human beings on machines is increasing day by day which is making them physically and mentally behind their actual place and therefore, human beings are not reaching their physical activity goals on a daily basis.
These machines are making mankind lazy and lowering their cognitive fitness and thus make human beings totally rely upon machines which would result in impossibility for humans to work without a machine as their mental and thinking proficiencies would be decreased.
It is a common fact to believe that due to high efficiency and no errors made by robotics and machines, the employment of human beings in the future would greatly be affected.
Artificial Intelligence machines will induce unemployment of humans in the future making them inactive and of no use to the modern world even though machines are not capable of thinking creative like a human mind.
The lack of creativity can be a trouble for industries as artificial intelligence is only programmed to perform a task that the machine has been fed the information of.
With all the above information of artificial intelligence that consists of its’ types, its’ advantages, and disadvantages, it can be concluded that it is mandatory for all humans to avoid the pitfalls while enjoying all of its’ respective benefits.
It is a fundamental thought too much of everything can be toxic for the life of humans – this thought also includes the extensive use of artificial intelligence essay. This might be harmful to the physical and mental health of human beings in addition highly artificially intelligent machines can lead to wars in the future and cause massive casualties.
In some areas, computers have taken over the human mind and intelligence, an example of this can be when the world chess champion was defeated by the chess computer. So, it’s time to notice that human beings invented artificial intelligence, thereby, it is obligatory for humans to have control over the artificial intelligence even in the future when machines are believed to possess a conscious mind.