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Need superb spectacles to apprehend all of your memories and your mobile camera doesn’t adequate. Don’t be worry about anything there is a DSLR camera available in the market that makes your day more special then, anyone, else. It is not a mystery anymore in the 21st century its a phrase consisted of four alphabet D S L R that stands for the “Digital Single Reflex Camera”. Dating back to the 20th century when the advancement in technology comes up to its peak, suddenly in 1975, the notion of something new had place predominant in the mind of Kodak engineers. They crave to surmount the infinity level of light with just one snap. So from hither, the thought of DSLR arose. After that Nikon was the one who inaugurated the first-ever DSLR in the market. But the journey didn’t end here Canon arrived into the market and whack the monopoly of Nikon by launching their own design with some novelties. We discussed the DSLR camera buying guide in detail.
So that is a precise story of a DSLR camera buying guide and from that era both of the companies launching their new models every year. There is a very arduous competition between them. No one knows who gonna win and makes a colossal history in the business realm.
What is DSLR?
A DSLR camera is a computerized single-focal point reflex camera. Inside the camera body is a mirror that reflects the light originating from the focal point up into an optical viewfinder, by method for either a crystal or a progression of extra mirrors.
Yes, it is affordable. You can easily buy it according to your range and interest. It starts from $200 to $5000.
What are the main points newbie should keep in mind?
1. Understanding Autofocus Modes
A very important aspect of the DSLR camera buying guide is No-touchstone its modes. There are two modes on every DSLR and its not easy for you to switch on manual mode at first. You wanna impress someone with your clicks then at first you have to switch the autofocus (AF) mode of your camera that will help you to save your time and effort and you can easily click a perfect shot of others.
You can switch between Manual focus to Auto Focus through the Menu. But it is easier and faster to do so with the switch on the lens itself.
Focusing manually by moving the lens rings is quite hard and requires practice and time. It’s not to mention that even skilled photographers still use auto mode.
2. Still confused to select the best Autofocus Mode?
All the digital cameras have different autofocus modes and it depends on your subject which one to use. Each will different settings depending on the nature and type of subject. You can select them through your screen camera menu or using a manual book.
To capture stationary or slow-moving subjects (landscapes, flowers, models that don’t move fast, food, etc.) AF-S ( single-servo autofocus) works 95% efficient than other modes.
It allows you to lock the focus when you press the shutter button halfway and take the photo when pressing it all the way down.
On the other hand, if you are taking photos of moving subjects (automobiles, sports, kids, animals) you can use the AF-C (continuous-servo autofocus). Your camera will adjust focus continuously while the shutter button is pressed halfway.
Finally, there is another mode AF-A (auto-servo autofocus) on that mode the camera has full control and it will decide at each shot if it is AF-C or AF-S. But it becomes a little bit messy when you wanna click both (moving and stagnant) at the same time.
3. Focus point and how to choose it?
Every digital camera has an attribute to focus on certain points of the frame which usually we coined in physics as a focus point. Hold your camera in your hand and look on the viewfinder or a screen you can easily see the frame (focus point display) of your camera. Probably the cameras have 9 or more points but it depends on your camera model it might be more than 9 due to upgrading models.
Then what to do next?
At first, select the autofocus area (AF-area) using the menu on your camera screen.
Select single-point AF, in other words, turn on the AF- S mode for the stagnant things. Your camera can focus completely on the main focus point you have selected.
If you choose the Dynamic area, you will need to select a focus point. If the subject moves even a bit, the camera will re-focus using the surrounding points.
4. Why there is an option of 3D Tracking mode? How to use it.
This mode is usually available in Nikon cameras. And you can select only one focus point on 3D Tracking mode, you can change the composition by releasing the shutter halfway pressed. Your camera will select a new focal point to keep the subject in focus. By using 3D tracking mode you can allow the camera to decide where to focus (Auto-area). But keep in mind your camera is just a machine and can’t know what is the most important subject in the frame for you.
5. What is Metering mode and how to use it?
To measure the quality of available light Metering mode helps your camera to figure it out. There are two methods to select measuring mode it’s up to you which mode you easily grasp.
You can choose them through the menu on your camera screen, or you can use the metering mode button on your camera.
The next one is the default mode which is usually Matrix/Evaluative mode.
Your camera tries to achieve or measures a balanced exposure of light through evaluative mode that comes across the whole frame in order to capture the uniform objects.
Further, we have a Weighted mode.
When your subject is too big and you want that light only focus on the middle of the object and capture your subject without blurring the main point. Then switch to the weighted mode. Through this mode, your camera measures the light in the center of the frame. But it depends on the capacity of your camera model. Don’t be worried about the corners of your subject.
Another amazing tool Spot Metering mode.
But what to do when your subject is too tiny and it’s hard to set the focus point for light. Don’t be worried about anything your camera is to smart to solve the problem. Just take a clever decision and switch to the spot metering mode and enjoy the click.
6. Use of meter to check your exposure
To understand the light meter performing its job fairly put your camera in Manual Mode and watch a sequence of dots or vertical lines at the underside of your camera’s viewfinder. In Manual Mode, the view at the bottom of the screen in your viewfinder. Check the scale with zero in the middle. Everything is working well then congrats your light meter is at work.
You can analyze the light meter to discover if your camera is getting the right amount of possible light. Normally, you can detect it when you thrust the shutter release while you’re looking through your viewfinder or in live view. It might emerge slightly distinct depending on the camera model. But the theory is always the same. It is a meter with a 0 point in the middle and two sides that reveal less and more light.
7. How to Use the Light Meter to Check Your Exposure.
The 0 on the meter indicates that your camera getting the right amount of light. But when it reversed to the (-). It means not less exposure to light and your click quality could be hazy or dark. (+) mark indicates that there is overexposure of light. The picture you click will too bright.
8. Aperture and Shutter: What to do with them?
To have good knowledge about exposure and how shutter speed, aperture, and ISO transform it, we need to understand what occurs within the camera when a picture is taken.
As you point your camera at a subject and press the shutter button, the subject comes into your camera lens in a form of light. If your subject is well-lit, there is an abundance of light that travels into the spectacles, whereas if you are taking a picture in a dim setting, there is not much light that travels into the lens.
When the light enters the lens, it passes through numerous optical elements made of glass, then proceeds through the lens “Aperture” (a hole inside the lens that can be changed from small to large). Once the light goes past the lens aperture, it then hits the shutter blind, which is like a window that is closed at all times, but opens when needed.
The shutter opens in a very matter of milliseconds, letting the light hit the camera sensor for a specified amount of time. This specified quantity of your time is named “Shutter Speed” and it will be very short or long.
The sensor that collects the light, and your “ISO” lightens the image if mandatory (again, making grain and image quality problems more visible). Then the shutter closes and the light is entirely obstructed from reaching the camera sensor.
To get the image accurately exposed, so that it is not too bright or too dark, Shutter Speed, Aperture and ISO need to plan together.
When various light enters the lens (let’s say it’s broad daylight with lots of sunlight).
What happens when the lens aperture/hole is very small?
Lots of light gets blocked. This means that the camera sensor would want longer to collect the light.
What needs to happen for the sensor to collect the proper quality of light? That’s right, the shutter must keep opening longer. So, with a really tiny lens aperture, we would need more time, i.e. extended shutter speed for the sensor to gather enough light to produce a properly exposed image.
Now, what would happen if the lens aperture/hole was terribly big? It’s a lot of more light that would hit the sensor, so we would need a much shorter shutter speed for the image to get properly exposed. If the shutter speed is simply too low, the sensor would get a lot more light than it needs and the light would start “burning” or “overexposing” the image, just like magnification glass starts burning paper on a sunny day.
The area of the image will look very bright or pure white. In distinction, if the shutter speed is way too high, then the sensor is not able to gather enough light and the image would appear “underexposed” or too dark.
To adjust the amount of light, you can start by playing with 2 settings: Aperture and shutter speed.
Aperture means adjusting the size of the hole that lets light into the camera. The bigger the hole, a lot of more lightweight goes in.
Shutter speed is the amount of time for which your camera’s sensor is exposed to light. The longer it is, the more light you have. The idea is balancing these 2 settings until you get the perfect amount of light.
Are you getting too much light? You can either close the aperture or have the shutter open fora shorter duration. Too dark? You can open the aperture or leave the shutter open for longer.
This might seem complicated, but luckily our DSLRs help us a lot with their semi-automatic shooting modes (Aperture Priority mode and Shutter Priority mode).
You can them using the dial. There is a camera settings button on a DSLR camera, set to aperture priority mode.
9. When You Should Use Aperture Priority Mode?
Situation 1: When the day is bright and the sun comes out with full light and you want to capture a good picture without blurring it. Then the day is absolutely perfect for you. Grasp your camera and switch to the aperture priority mode and enjoy your click.
Situation 2: If you wanna capture portraits on a sunny day use aperture with f/8 mode.
Situation 3: Landscapes have a foreground, background, and also often a middle ground too. To see everything focused, you need a wider aperture, somewhere up to about f/16 works for me.
Situation 4: Shallow depth of field is attained by unfolding your camera’s aperture. This enables more light in at the corresponding time. It’s not small quantity additional lightweight either, it’s a lot more light.
The shift from f/2.8 to f/1.4 permits four times more light in. The shutter speed can prevent this, in aperture priority mode.
When you alter the DoF, chances are you will be testing quite a little.
The aperture units are f-stops. Small f values correspond to wide apertures (big holes, more light going into your camera) and big f values correspond to narrow apertures (small hole, less light).
10. Exposure compensation and its use?
Another incredible innovation of all latest DSLRs is the proficiency to regulate the exposure by using the “exposure compensation” feature. Exposure compensation works great for all camera modes.
It works cool whether you are shooting in Aperture Priority, Shutter Priority or Auto/Program modes, dialing the exposure compensation up or down (plus to minus) will allow you to regulate the exposure and override the camera-guessed settings.
Exposure compensation helps you out to solve the problem of overexposed or underexposed images. Simply you can use exposure compensation to adjust the exposure without manually changing the aperture or shutter speed.
As already mentioned that priority mode (the light meter) will try to balance the exposure level to zero. But in some situations, we want to take a picture in a darker or lighter mode.
So there is a button which seems like (-, +) so pushing it, whirl the dial sideways. Most of the digital cameras have a dial that controls exposure compensation. Check your DSLR don’ do anything without reading the manual.
11. Don’t neglect Automatic and Manual Modes?
Your camera has two modes of shooting manual and automatic. When you choose the automatic mode then be calm and let your camera decide to click in its own way. Don’t go with it. But in manual shooting mode, you have the opportunity to take a shot in your own way and adjust anything. In manual mode, you can add creativity to your photography.
Once you understand how aperture and shutter speed work I highly recommend you try and practice with it.
12. Use ISO to Modify Your Camera’s Light Sensitivity?
ISO measures your sensor’s sensitivity to light. The range of ISO is about 200 to 1600. But in today’s camera models allows their customers to decrease and increase this range. The minimum ISO is 50 or high is about 204,800.
The number chosen has two significant characteristics correlated with it. First, it sets the amount of light needed for exposure. If the ISO number is too small it means you need more light. The more light that’s necessitated, the more likely a slow shutter speed will have to be appropriated.
That means low ISOs, like 100 or 200, are most often used in bright situations (like sunlight) or when the camera is attached on a tripod.
If you don’t have plenty of light or require a fast shutter speed, you would apparently raise the ISO.
Each time you multiply the ISO (for example, from 200 to 400), the camera needs only half as enough light for the same exposure. So if you had a shutter speed of 1/250 at 200 ISO, proceeding to 400 ISO would let you get the equivalent exposure at 1/500 second (providing the aperture remains unchanged).
This is why high ISOs are so often used indoors, particularly at sporting events. Need a quick shutter speed to prevent action, photographers frequently choose ISO 1600 or above. But by increasing the ISO, be ready for the chunky looks (noise) in the image.
Adjusting ISO camera settings on a DSLR camera?
You can also pick the Auto ISO mode. Your camera will arrange the ISO setting in each shot depending on the particular lighting situation.
In many cameras we can select ISO through the Menu>Shooting menu>ISO sensitivity settings> Auto-ISO.
So it’s a complete picture of DSLR choose a brand that hits you hard and enjoy your photography.
Types of DSLR:
Mostly two types of DSLR can be seen in the market: the full-frame or 35mm, and the crop sensor or APS-C.
A full-frame DSLR camera has a 36x24mm sensor, which typically generates outstanding portrait quality and low-light capacity. They also lead to being more costly than their crop sensor counterparts, which comprises less of the image projected by the lens due to the smaller sensor.
What to consider when buying a Best Two DSLR camera? Each of us wants a camera for excellent photography but another important aspect is the looks of a camera. If you want a package of both of them, then Best Nikon Camera could be the best company. They provide us a unique look of a camera with high resolution.
Now let’s have a glimpse of Best Canon Camera have all advanced models so that we prefer both of the best camera companies.
After reading the full detailed about the Best DSLR camera buying guide. Hope you have gathered all the information about it. So, these two companies are the best recommendations for you. If you have any queries regarding this information, feel free to ask in the comment section below. Cheers!